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A neurogenic bladder results from conditions that affect either the central or peripheral nervous system. This study reviewed all the pediatric neurogenic patients in the King Abdulaziz University Hospital from 2008 to 2018, using their medical records and histories. The patients’ ages were between one month and 16 years during their first diagnosis. Patients with more than 50% missing data were excluded. A total of 678 patients were diagnosed with neurogenic bladder during the study period. But only the data of 212 patients were processed for statistical analysis. The patients’ median age was 9 years. The causes of neurogenic bladder in these patients were 1) spina bifida in 110 patients (51.8% of the sample population), 2) non- neurogenic neurogenic bladder (Hinman syndrome) in 40 (18.8%) cases, 3) bilateral hydronephrosis in 72 (33.9%) patients, and 4) urine incontinence, which was the main complain in 132 (62%) patients. Sixty-four (30%) patients had urine retention and were dependent on catheter. Spina bifida was the main cause of neurogenic bladder in this study group. Upper tract status of the patients during their presentation had affected the complication rates and the decisions to administer surgical intervention.
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