The Frequency of Allergic Rhinitis among Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients: A Hospital-Based, Cross-Sectional Study

  • Ghada u. Gadi King Abdulaziz University
  • Mohammad H. Albar King Abdulaziz University
  • Abdulkareem R. Fida King Abdulaziz University
  • Khalil S. Sendi King Abdulaziz University
  • Khaled I. Alnoury King Abdulaziz University
  • Siraj O. Wali Sleep Medicine and Research Center, King Abdulaziz University Hospital
Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnea; Allergic rhinitis; Prevalence

Abstract

A relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and allergic rhinitis is controversial. Allergic rhinitis may potentially worsen severity of sleep apnea and hence, treating allergic rhinitis may actually improve sleep apnea as well as habitual snoring. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of allergic rhinitis among obstructive sleep apnea patients. In this cross-sectional study, all patients were referred to the Sleep Clinic at King Abdulaziz University Hospital from February to August 2013 and agreed to participate in the study were recruited. The diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea was based on Berlin questionnaire followed by confirmatory Polysomnography. Allergic rhinitis was confirmed via focused history and clinical examination. Seventy adults were recruited, with mean age of 49.3 ± 13.42 years, and mean body mass index of 38.5 ± 12.63 kg/m2. 54 (77.14%) patients were diagnosed to have obstructive sleep apnea, 26 (48%) of them had allergic rhinitis. No significant association was found between allergic rhinitis and severity of obstructive sleep apnea (p-value < 0.05). In conclusion, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis among obstructive sleep apnea patients was found to be 48.15%, with no clear correlation to the severity of obstructive sleep apnea.  

Author Biographies

Ghada u. Gadi, King Abdulaziz University
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Mohammad H. Albar, King Abdulaziz University
Department Obstetrics and Gynecology
Abdulkareem R. Fida, King Abdulaziz University
Department of Ear, Nose & Throat
Khalil S. Sendi, King Abdulaziz University
Department of Ear, Nose & Throat
Khaled I. Alnoury, King Abdulaziz University
Department of Ear, Nose & Throat
Siraj O. Wali, Sleep Medicine and Research Center, King Abdulaziz University Hospital
Department of Medicine
Published
2014-07-01
How to Cite
Gadi, G. u., Albar, M. H., Fida, A. R., Sendi, K. S., Alnoury, K. I., & Wali, S. O. (2014). The Frequency of Allergic Rhinitis among Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients: A Hospital-Based, Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of King Abdulaziz University - Medical Sciences, 21(3), 59-72. https://doi.org/10.4197/Med.21-3.5
Section
Articles